I’ll agree that the nozzle is probably a bit too close, but you may also have a warped, or at least, un-levelled bed if you aren’t getting consistent results from all five squares. Too close to the bed results in a rough texture as the nozzle ploughs through previously laid filament. Too far results in filament being extruded that doesn’t get sufficiently squished into the bed, doesn’t adhere well, and comes loose as the stringing you described. Strictly speaking, what we generally refer to as “stringing” is the result of a print head movement after the extrusion has stopped but which hasn’t retracted enough to sever the connection between the just-laid filament and the filament still in the nozzle. That connection gets drawn out as the head moves in a wispy-thin strand that gets thinner the farther it goes (because no no filament is being extruded). The thicker stringing you described is (likely) deliberately extruded filament that didn’t stick to anything, usually because it was too far away.
You will need to adjust the screws under the bed. The bed needs to be lowered (very slightly) in areas where the texture is rough because the nozzle was dragging through the filament.
The bed needs to be raised (slightly) in corners where the filament didn’t stick.
Of course, the unspoken assumption being made by all is that the bed is clean and made from a material that filament actually sticks to. On my Carbon Fibre bed, for example, direct adhesion is very poor for PLA, so I use a thin coating of Elmer’s glue stick. Mind you, if you needed that, nothing would be sticking anywhere.
The other insidious problem may be that your bed is not flat. My Ender 5 Pro has a bulge in the middle of the bed, therefor if I used a softer material as a bed, like the Creality Magnetic mat, I would never be able to get more than the center and two corners to the right height (or the four corners while the nozzle digs into the center). That’s why I bought a carbon fibre bed surface - it’s dead flat.